History

Breakthroughs assesses and develops intellectual abilities. Intellectual abilities can be defined as foundational brain skills required for all facets of life. Schools primarily focus on knowledge and the acquisition and recall of information. These are important but intellectual abilities include far more knowledge. Dr J.P. Guilford’s research was based on intellectual abilities.

Dr J.P. Guilford’s early work

During WWII the U.S. army was selecting men for pilots, navigators and bombardiers training. They were choosing men with good vision and health as well as IQ scores over 120. The army was losing more than one third of these men-intelligent men who were failing pilot training. Dr Guilford was asked to find out why the failure rate was so high. By developing tests that identified and measured brain skills (intellectual abilities) needed by pilots, navigators and bombardiers, he was able to reduce the failure rate of thirty five percent to five percent. The genius of Guildford and his students lies in the fact that their work produced not just a catalog of different brain skills but an emergent structure that serves to identify brain functions. After the war, Guilford continued his work at the University to Southern California where he headed the Studies of Aptitudes of High Level Personnel. For the next twenty years Guilford and his students formulated and documented a theory of human intellectual performances that identified ninety different abilities.

Dr. Mary Meeker studied with Dr. Guilford. She began her research and development in 1962. She continued her work until her death in 2003. Dr Robert Meeker joined her along the way and continues in this field. Their tests and materials- Structure of Intellect (SOI) apply Dr Guilford’s pioneering work to both education and careers.

Dr. Frank Belgau’s connection between balance and learning has been of immeasurable value to Breakthroughs and their clients.

Elizabeth Allen M.A. was trained under both Dr. Meeker and Dr. Belgau. She trained Pauline in the Structure of Intellect work and has remained a tremendous resource and mentor. Her persistent research and practical life skill application of SOI results have dramatically changed many lives.

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